I think over the years there have been so many knife sites and info sites, that I have read from page to page...that never get passed on to others and you end up having to surf to find them later..So I thought a special area earmarked just for those would be great...Since I am an avid Case collector and collector of the coke bottle shaped knives of all brands, there will be those links that interest me.
I hope to see the sharing of other members favorite info links so we can all have fast clicks to the world Library of Knives.
I found this one today similiar to others I have read but a simplified quick overview of the Case family history
I had my own question today about how many knife companies were owned by SMKW. This is an amazing reference of who owns who in the cutlery world!!
Jan Carter said:
I will shamelessly add this to our list of excellent references and profusely thank Tobias Gibson for his hard work and genorosity in sharing with all knife folks
Kane Cutlery began operation in 1905. Case Cutlery Manufacturing Co. purchased the assets of Kane Cutlery in 1908 and began operations as Kane Cutlery Company in 1909. In 1916 the Hollingsworth Knife Company purchased the assets of this business
This is a brand page for the HOLLINGSWORTH KNIFE CO. trademark by Tennessee River Valley Knife Association, Inc. in Chattanooga, TN, 37422.
AC Penn and Hollingsworth both used Tidioute for some of their production.
1907 case bros open a second factory in Kane ,Pa. in 1909 the case bro's reorganized under the name Kane Cutlery.
There was an H.K. Co. Kane Pa. c 1916-1930 listed in Goins'. It was a marking used by the Hollingsworth Knife Company
INPUT INPUT Handle materials explained in easy terms; ran across this while surfing.
Knife Handle Materials
There is an endless array of knife handle materials. Virtually any solid material can be used to make a knife handle. Types of handle materials are only limited by imagination. But there are some materials that work better than others. Here are some of the most popular knife handle materials:
Stag : a natural handle material derived from shed deer, elk or moose antlers. It has a unique, rough texture, which lends itself well to knives for both usable and collectable purposes. The most popular type of stag is Sambar Stag from India. But since India put a ban on the exportation of natural materials, the price of stag has risen, and other types of stag, including Red Stag, White Tail, Elk, and Moose Stag have gained in popularity. A popular form of stag is known as burnt stag. This is when the stag material is exposed to an open flame in order to create a rich, antique look. Another popular form of stag is known as second cut stag. This is the second layer of stag, after the sought after top layer has been removed.
Bone : a natural handle material usually derived from shin bone of a cow. Bone is often given a surface texture, most commonly in the forms of pick bone, jigged bone or stag bone. Stag bone is bone material that is processed to look like genuine stag. Bone is naturally white in color, but is often dyed many different colors. Bone is one of the most common knife handle materials.
Buffalo Horn : a popular handle material made from the shed horn of a buffalo. It is usually dark brown or blonde in color, or a swirled mix of both. It has similar properties as stag.
Ram’s Horn : a rough, durable natural handle material made from the horn of a ram. It has a distinct rough, bumpy texture. It has similar properties as buffalo horn.
Impala Horn : a natural handle material made from the horn of an impala. It has a distinctive texture and dark brown color. It is similar in characteristics to buffalo horn.
Wood : wood knife handles generally provide a good gripping surface. It is a very popular knife handle material. There are many different types of wood that are used as knife handle materials. Some of the most popular include: Cocobolo, Amaranth (Purple Heart), Blackwood, Black Palm, Ebony, Kingwood, Maple (Birdseye), Mesquite, Olivewood, Bloodwood, Bocote, Bois d’ Arc, Rosewood, Snakewood, Thuya Burl, Tulipwood, Walnut, Zebra, Ziricote, Oak, California Buckeye, Amboina Burl, and Dessert Ironwood.
Stabilized Wood : also known as wood epoxy laminate, resinwood, laminated wood, or Dymondwood. It is made from wood that is compressed under high pressure and then impregnated with clear resin. The result is a dimensionally stable product with the natural beauty of wood and a high resistance to heat and moisture. It is a hard material that can be shaped, sanded, buffed and polished similar to micarta.
Stacked Leather : made from stacked leather washers. Popular on hunting and military fixed blade knives. It is a durable handle material that can be formed and polished. It offers a comfortable gripping surface.
Mother of Pearl : a natural handle material that is formed on the shell lining of mollusks, including oysters. It is iridescent and smooth. It is usually white in color with deep reflections of purples, pinks, yellows and greens. Gold Lip Pearl is a form of mother of pearl that is golden in color, with deep reflections of purples, pinks, yellows and greens. It is a high-end handle material that is used mainly for its beautiful visual appearance. It can be difficult to work with, due to its fragility.
Abalone: a natural handle material that is formed on the shell lining of abalones. It displays a beautifully brilliant rainbow of deep, glistening colors. It has the most stunning visual appearance of all natural handle materials. It is similar in nature to mother of pearl. It can be difficult to work with, due to its fragility.
G-10 : a laminate handle material made of epoxy filled with fiberglass. Layers of fiberglass cloth are soaked in resin and are compressed and baked. The resulting material is very hard, lightweight, and strong. A checkered surface texture is added for grip. It is available in limited colors, usually black. It is impervious to temperature change.
Carbon Fiber : a newer material composed of thin strands of carbon, tightly woven in a weave pattern, that are set in an epoxy resin. It is possibly the strongest of all synthetic handle materials. The main visual attraction of this material is the ability of the carbon strands to reflect light, creating a three-dimensional pattern. It is a lightweight, higher end handle material.
Zytel : a thermoplastic material developed by Du Pont. It is a relatively inexpensive handle material. It resists impact and abrasion very well. Zytel has a slight surface texture, but additional texture is often added for better grip.
Hytrel : a Du-Pont thermoplastic polyester elastomer that provides the flexibility of rubber, the strength of plastic, and the processibility of thermoplastics. It resists tearing and abrasion. It offers strength and stiffness plus outstanding toughness while resisting hydrocarbons and many other fluids. Hytrel can be processed easily by injection molding. It is a cost effective handle material.
Fiberglass Reinforced Nylon (FRN) : a lightweight handle material that is made of a nylon polymer mixed with glass fibers. The glass fibers make it much stronger than nylon alone. It can be injection molded for a cost effective handle material.
Kraton : a soft flexible thermoplastic polymer handle material. It is most often used as an inlay on knife handles. It provides for a better gripping surface. It is also used by itself, as a tang coating handle material.
Kydex : a high strength thermoplastic that is often used as sheath material. It is a registered trademark of Kleerdex Company, LLC. It comes in many colors, but by far the most popular color is black. It was originally designed for use in aircraft interiors. It is easy to form and is impervious to moisture.
Sermollan : A rubberized thermoplastic handle material used on kitchen knives. It provides a secure grip as well as resistance to bacteria.
Molded Plastic or Composition : often used on inexpensive knives and on kitchen cutlery. It is ideal for culinary knives in that it is imperviousness to water, food particles and microorganisms. Although it can become brittle over time, and it does not grip as well as a wood handle.
Polyester : often used to make faux pearl, faux ivory or other marbled swirl designs. It is easy to work with and cost effective. The colors and designs that can be made with this material are virtually endless.
Acrylester : a new material that is similar to polyester. It can be made in a variety of colors and marbled swirls. It is often laced with metal dust, to create a sparkling appearance. It is a cost effective handle material. It is very easy to work with.
Kevlar : developed by Du-Pont, Kevlar is a multipurpose material. It is an extremely strong and lightweight material that derives its strength from its spider web-like weave. It is up to 20 times stronger than steel. When it is stabilized with resin, it becomes a rigid material that is impervious to moisture and temperature.
Corian : a Du-Pont material that is made of natural minerals and high-performance acrylic. It has the smoothness and substance associated with stone and the workability of fine wood. It can be carved, sanded and polished to create a variety of shapes, textures and finishes. It can also be thermoformed or shaped using heat. It comes in many different colors.
Titanium : a nonferrous metal alloy. The most common form of titanium in the knife industry is 6AL/4V, which is made of 6% aluminum, 4% vanadium, and 90% titanium. It is a lightweight, high tensile strength metal alloy with unsurpassed corrosion resistance of all the metals. It can be finished by anodizing or bead blasting. Titanium is used as a handle material, as well as liner and blade material. It is often used for the frame on frame-lock folding knives, due to its high elasticity.
Stainless Steel : stainless steel is used often on kitchen knife handles. It offers durability and strength, but can reduce gripping ability. Due to its relatively heavy weight, it is not often used as a handle material on knives, other than on kitchen knives.
Serpentine Stone : a rock material composed primarily of hydrated magnesium silicate that is green, yellow, or brown in color. It is also used in the flooring industry. It gets its name due to the resemblance to the skin of a serpent. It is often confused with marble. It can be difficult to work with, due to its fragility.
Tiger Coral : a natural handle material that is real coral from the ocean. It has a distinct pattern that looks similar to tiger stripes. It has a rich tan background that is laced with stripes and dark brown colors. It can be very difficult to work, due to its fragility.
Reconstituted Stone : a handle material that is a mixture of a powdered gemstone and polyester, polyethylene, or acrylic. It is also known as stabilized stone. The reconstituted forms of gemstones are much easier to work with than the raw stones, and are impervious to moisture. Examples of reconstituted stones include: turquoise, azurite, malachite, chrysocolla, jade, jasper, black onyx, lapis, rhodonite, blue river agate, marine agate, leopard skin agate, amber, amethyst, cabochons, charolite, copralite, coral, emerald, chrysoprase, hematite, larimar, opal, conch shell, rhodochrosite, sugalite, variscite and spiney oyster.
Turquoise : a light blue to blue-green mineral made of aluminum and copper. It is prized as a gemstone in its polished blue form. But most turquoise handle materials are actually polyester, polyethylene, or acrylic mixed with turquoise dust. It is also known as reconstituted or stabilized turquoise. The reconstituted form of turquoise is much easier to work with and is impervious to moisture.
Azurite : a soft, deep blue, vitreous copper mineral formed by the weathering of copper ore deposits. It is used as a copper ore and as a gemstone. But most azurite handle materials are actually polyester, polyethylene, or acrylic mixed with azurite dust. It is also known as reconstituted or stabilized azurite. The reconstituted form of azurite is much easier to work with and is impervious to moisture. It is similar to malachite.
Malachite : a soft, green color, vitreous copper mineral formed by the weathering of copper ore deposits. It is used as a copper ore and as a gemstone. But most malachite handle materials are actually polyester, polyethylene, or acrylic mixed with malachite dust. It is also known as reconstituted or stabilized malachite. The reconstituted form of malachite is much easier to work with and is impervious to moisture. It is similar to azurite.
Jade : a green mineral that is a prized gemstone in its polished green form. But most jade handle materials are actually polyester, polyethylene, or acrylic mixed with jade dust. It is also known as reconstituted or stabilized jade. The reconstituted form of jade is much easier to work with and is impervious to moisture.
Jasper : an opaque cryptocrystalline mineral that is a variety of quartz. It may be red, yellow or brown in color. It is a prized gemstone in its polished form. But most jasper handle materials are actually polyester, polyethylene, or acrylic mixed with jasper dust. It is also known as reconstituted or stabilized jasper. The reconstituted form of jasper is much easier to work with and is impervious to moisture.
Black Onyx : a cryptocrystalline form of quartz. It is black in color and it is a prized gemstone in its polished form. But most onyx handle materials are actually polyester, polyethylene, or acrylic mixed with onyx dust. It is also known as reconstituted or stabilized onyx. The reconstituted form of onyx is much easier to work with and is impervious to moisture.
Lapis : a crystalline mineral that is opaque blue in color. It is usually referred to as blue lapis. It is a prized gemstone in its polished form. But most lapis handle materials are actually polyester, polyethylene, or acrylic mixed with lapis dust. It is also known as reconstituted or stabilized lapis. The reconstituted form of lapis is much easier to work with and is impervious to moisture.
Elephant Ivory : a natural handle material made from the ivory tusk of an elephant. Due to the ban on imports of elephant ivory into the United States, which is meant to reduce the poaching of elephants and preserve elephant populations, elephant ivory had become rare and expensive. It is one of the finest and most sight after natural handle materials available. It is often used as a scrimshaw material. Mammoth ivory has gained in popularity as a replacement for elephant ivory.
Mammoth Bark Ivory : a natural handle material made from fossilized mammoth tusks. It is referred to as mammoth ivory or mammoth bark. It is rare in nature and can be difficult to work with. It is a high-end handle material and is often used for scrimshawing. It is an alternative to elephant ivory. Fossilized mammoth tooth is also becoming a popular handle material.
Mastodon Ivory : a natural handle material made from fossilized mastodon tusks. It is rare in nature and can be difficult to work with. It is a high-end handle. It is an alternative to elephant ivory and mammoth bark ivory. Fossilized mastodon tooth is also becoming a popular handle material.
Walrus Ivory : a natural handle material made from fossilized walrus tusks. The color of the ivory is dependent on the length of time buried and the color of the soil. It is often used a scrimshaw material.
Oosic : a handle material made from the penis bone or baculum from a male walrus. Natural materials such as these, are gaining in popularity due to the ban on elephant ivory. It can be difficult to work with due to its fragility. It has similar properties as the different forms of ivory.
Miss Sue, thanks for an unrelenting flow of knife facts. I am sure with all the info you have produced for everyone that there must be a large amout of members that learn from your post. The knife hobby has so much to learn at so many levels and time periods, it simply amazes me. Please keep up your educational work.
Yes , Jan that is the book from the video....this was just an interesting section on women....
Harry E. Linton (his registered name was "Henry") was born 21-JUL-1853 in Sheffield England. His parents were William Frederick Linton (b. 1815) and his wife Ellen (b. 1815 - nee Brown). At the time of the 1841 census, William and Ellen Linton and family were living on Furnival St. (backside) within Enumeration District 15 of Sheffield South. According to 1841 and 1851 census data, Harry's siblings included: George (b. 1834), Frederick (b. 1836), Ann (b. 1838), Emily (b. 1840), William (b. 1843), Edwin (b. 1845), James (b. 1848) and Ellen (b. 1850). All of the foregoing were born in the County of York, West Riding. His siblings birthdates are from census entries and therefore approximate to +/- 1 year. Ellen Linton (nee Brown), arrived in New York on 20-OCT-1862 aboard the vessel Adelaide, accompanied by her sons Henry and William and daughter Emily (Emely). Harry Linton died 19-MAR-1930 in Pensacola Florida. He married Sarah A. Meek 28-NOV-1878 at Canton, Stark County, Ohio. Their daughter, Nora Linton, was born 24-DEC-1880 and she eventually married Charles Samuel Erbland. Sarah died 12-APR-1881 and Harry remarried to Kate Rex Dillon 30-OCT-1883. Donald Erbland told me (Mardon Erbland, Donald's son) that his grandfather, Harry Linton, was involved in the cutlery business and always had lots of fancy knives around him. According to the Directory of the City of Canton for the year 1884-85, Harry E. Linton and his brothers, William and Edward (born Edwin), were all involved in the cutlery business in Canton. According to newspaper accounts, it was referred to as the "Linton Bros. cutlery works". One of the sons of William Linton was Ralph H. Linton, who in 1920 was "Manager" at a cutlery company in Tidioute Pennsylvania. This occupation appears in the 1920 census, Roll=T625_1657,Pennsylvania, Warren County, Tidioute, ED# 172. By 1920, the Tidioute Cutlery Co. had long-since changed names and moved to Cattaraugus County NY, so the name of the company where Ralph H. Linton worked in Tidioute is unknown. Harry and his brothers, William and Edwin, were principles in the founding of the Canton Cutlery Co. According to the Canton City Directory for the years 1883·84, 1884·85 and 1899, Harry was first Supt. then Manager of The Canton Cutlery Co. I (Mardon Erbland) recall that Harry's grandson, Donald Erbland, often said to me how Harry's interest in the cutlery business had a connection with the famous Sheffield Steel of Harry's birthplace. The1841 Census for Sheffield South shows that the occupation of Harry's father, William Frederick Linton, was "pen knife grinder". The original of the upper left photograph is a tin-type. It appears that the cheeks were hand-colored.
The Canton Cutlery Works Burned.
PLAIN DEALER SPECIAL.
CANTON, O., Nov. 4. — At 7:30 o'clock tonight the cutlery works of Linton Brothers
were found on fire. The shop is a large
frame structure and the flames gained such
headway that the fire department was unable to save any portion of the building and
at 9 o'clock the works were a mass of burning ruins. The shop has just been built,
citizens assisting the firm, which had met
with financial troubles. The firm employ
about thirty skilled workmen and these are
now again out of employment, after having
been at work only a few weeks succeeding a
year of enforced idleness. The loss is about
$15,000, while the insurance will not reach
half that amount. The building was insured
for $2,500, divided equally between the Michigan fire and marine company of Detroit and
the Boatman's company of Pittsburg The
fire is supposed to have started from a stove
the first floor of the building.
SOLIGEN’S LEGACY TO THE MILITARIA COLLECTOR - BY DANIEL LEE
I’ll leave the existence of King Arthur up to the experts, but I can tell you if a real King Arthur had existed, then he would have had a very high quality sword (probably named “Excaliber”) that had been manufactured in one of the traditional sword centers of Europe: Toledo Spain, Thiers France, Solingen Germany or Sheffield England. Indeed, no serious crusader during the Middle Ages would consider riding off on a quest without a sword produced in one of these four places.
Of the four, Solingen’s edged weapons were considered to be the finest quality. From the time of the Middle Ages, one of their products, in the right hands, could be the decisive factor in an otherwise equal fight.
This reputation was not due to accident. The craftsmen of Solingen have specialized in the design and production of fine blades for well over 500 years. This “City of Blades”, as it is known, was blessed with abundant iron ore, charcoal, and water power. Beginning in the mid 1400’s, mastersmiths organized and formed rigid guilds to protect their monopoly and manufacturing techniques. Only legitimate sons were admitted as apprentices in order to control quality and quantity of product.
Up until the 1930’s production was primarily what is referred to as a “cottage industry”. Beginning around the 1500’s firms were formed using established trademarks which identified the manufacturer and enhanced the value of the product. Several of the older firms are in business today and still use their original trademarks. Some examples we may be familiar with include J.A. Henckels (trademark is the “twins”), Puma-Werk (trademark is a “puma’s head”), and Robert Klass (trademark is “kissing cranes”).
Long before Solingen became associated with production of fine items such as kitchen knives, scissors, and pocket knives, it had been noted for military weapons of the finest quality. Indeed, production of these other items did not begin until the sword became obsolete as a weapon of war due to the advent of gunpowder.
After the disastrous defeat of 1806 and the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire, the Prussian military began to reassert itself in the mid 1800’s. King Frederick William IV made every effort to popularize his army. One method he apparently used was hiring the best fashion designers available, since uniform variations, ceremonial edged weapons, and even spiked helmets were all introduced during this period. Styles and names were not only influenced by German culture (primarily Prussian) but also surrounding nations such as France.
During the period of 1815-1848 two distinctive hilt designs began to develop for swords worn by German army officers. Collectors refer to these patters as “lion’s head” and “dove’s head”. The “lion’s head” design was strictly of Prussian origin. However the “dove’s head” was based upon the British light calvary pattern of 1796. Both styles were worn continuously by German army officers through 1945. In most cases they were a privately purchased item.
As governments and their military machines continued to develop more efficient methods of destroying the enemy (i.e., killing a higher number of soldiers from a further away distance), swords began to reflect their diminished roles. Over time swords became increasingly decorative as use was directed towards ceremonial and dress purposes. Blades became narrower and straighter with a single fuller (blood groove) as overall weight lessened and grips appeared covered with decorative, but less durable, materials such as cellulold.
Although army officers were only authorized to wear one of the two styles previously mentioned, firms were given great leeway and allowed to patent their individual designs. This resulted in every maker having several choices available to offer the potential purchaser. Some larger firms had over a dozen of each style, all appropriately named to entice the customer. One firm, Eickhorn, not established until 1865, grew rapidly and became the largest single producer of military edged dress weapons by the time of the Third Reich. During this period, Eickhorn was recognized as the industry leader, not only in quality and quantity, but more importantly, design. Their distinctive trademark, a squirrel, had first been utilized in 1610 by one of Solingen’s early swordsmith, Pieter Lobach.
The “City of Blades” enjoyed new prestige with the advent of the Third German Reich. Indeed, the importance of Solingen’s role is often overlooked.
Adolf Hitler quickly copied the tactics of King Frederick William IV. Once again, talented designers were to work on new uniform variations and dress edged weapons designed for Hitler's “Thousand Year Reich”. High peak visor hats replaced the earlier “spiked helmets”. Dress daggers were introduced to organizations that had never carried swords and in others, became optional to the customary dress sword.
Beginning with the “SA” or “Stormtroopers” dress daggers in 1933, specially designed ceremonial edged weapons were eventually authorized for all governmental and political personnel. By the end of production in 1942, twenty-five different organizations had one or more designated types.
Unwittingly, Hitler accomplished two things by these actions; First of all, this new demand for dress edged weapons revived Solingen’s fortunes, which along with all of Germany, had suffered great economic hardships after WWI. Secondly, with the defeat of his Third Reich in May 1945, these artifacts became wonderful war trophies brought home by the victorious allied soldiers. Today these knives are avidly sought by collectors not only for the history and workmanship as has been described, but also for their beauty and rarity.
There are many collectors of Third Reich memorabilia. Few, if any, collect for political reasons. Most collectors are amateur historians who have studied the history of Europe, with an emphasis on WW2. Others became interested because they had relatives or acquaintances who had fought and defeated the “Nazis”. Often these veterans not only had war stories but also relics which were shown with pride to an envious audience. The victorious soldiers brought home wonderful war souvenirs. Allied soldiers certainly availed themselves of the opportunity to obtain relics of this “lost cause”.
Out of all the items produced by the Third Reich (i.e., guns, medals, insignia, flags, uniforms, headgear, etc.), one item has always stood out from the rest as the most desired: the dress daggers produced in Solingen from 1933 to 1942. It is interesting to note those Germans who were authorized to wear them were often photographed in a manner to prominently show the dress dagger.
As soon as the war ended, the Germans began assembling daggers from left-over parts (produced prior to 1942) to sell to the occupying allies. One runs across only few pieces from this time (1945-1953). There is little true collector demand for these pieces, although they are not reproductions or fakes.
However, beginning in the 1960’s, collector demand reached a point where the remaining parts and the “parts” daggers began to appear offered for sale. This produced great stress among collectors of the original pre-1945 pieces. Although values did not fall, they stabilized and did not grow again for a period of several years. Collectors finally realized they could usually easily tell a difference in the originals from the “parts” daggers. Books documenting these differences started to be published during this period and wise collectors still study them closely. Dagger prices have climbed each year since, although there will always be persons who are willing to reproduce daggers, or alter them, attempting to fool the unsuspecting collector. Thankfully, in every case the cautious collector who is willing to do a little research or has good contacts can avoid disappointment.
Many excellent reference books have published on this exciting hobby since the late 1950’s. Some are long out of print and are collectible in their own right. Others continue to be published as demand for information on these fascinating items grow and historians study this period.
Kissing Crane, founded in 1834, is a line of traditional pocket and hunting knives that are made the "old fashioned way", with good solid 440A equivalent stainless steel and attention to quality and detail.
HallMark Cutlery has brought back old world tradition with the revered Kissing Crane brand. The 170 plus year old brand may be the epitome of its genre. With names like "Congress", "Canoe", "Toothpick", and "Trapper", these traditional style knives speak of old men whittling on a courthouse bench, kids playing mumbly-peg, and 24 cent gasoline. Kissing Crane knives have and will continue to be a favorite for many generations.
Thank you Sue, this is quite an extensive research tool and I know I am not the only one that appreciates the work you share with us.